Hōʻikeʻike imunoglobulin

ʻO ka immunoglobulin (he antibody), he ʻōlima glycoprotein i hoʻoulu ʻia e nā kaila koko keʻokeʻo. ʻO nā antibodies e immunoglobulins he hana koʻikoʻi i ka ʻike a hoʻopili ʻana iā lākou iho i kekahi mau antigens e like me ka maʻi bacteria a me nā maʻi puʻupaʻa. Ke kōkua nei kēia mau antibodies i ka luku ʻia o kēlā mau antigens. Pēlā e hana ai i kahi ʻano o ka pane i ke ʻano he mea nui.

He ʻelima mau ʻano nui o ka immunoglobulin ma nā mamental placental, e pili ana i ka ʻano like ʻole o ka waikawa amino i hōʻike ʻia ma ka pae o ke kaulahao lohi mau o ka antibody. Hoʻopili lākou i ka IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG a me IgM antibodies hoʻi. ʻO kēlā me kēia ʻano antibody kekahi ʻano kūlike, no laila he hana kūʻokoʻa a pane aku i nā antigens.

Loaʻa ʻia nā antibodies IgA ma nā wahi kino koʻikoʻi loa e hōʻike ana i nā mea ʻē aʻe o waho. ʻO kēia mau wahi pili i ka ihu, ka lewa, ka huina o ke aʻalolo, vagina, pepeiao, a me ka maka o ka maka. lawena, nā waimaka, a me nā koko pū kekahi nā antibodies IgA

Ma kekahiʻaoʻao, loaʻa nā antibodies IgG i kekahi kahe o ke kino. Loaʻa nā antibodies IgM i nā pili koko a me ke kahe lymph.

Aia ka antibody o IgE ma loko o ke ake, ka ʻili, a me nā membrane mucous. ʻO ka mea hope loa, loaʻa nā antibodies IgD i loko o ka ʻōpū a me nā ʻili umauma.

Eia, e nānā mākou i ka IgG.

He aha nā kuleana e Immunoglobulin G (Igg) i loko o ke kino kanaka?

He aha ia Immunoglobulin G (IgG)?

ʻO ka immunoglobulin G (IgG) he monomom; ke ʻano maʻalahi o ka antibody i ka serum o ke kanaka. Ma waho aʻe o ka helu, ka helu o 75% o ka immunoglobulin holoʻokoʻa i loko o kahi kino kanaka, ʻo ia ke ʻano nui o ka immunoglobulin i loko o nā kānaka.

Hoʻokuʻu nā keʻena koko keʻokeʻo i nā antibodies IgG i ke ʻano o ka pane ʻana mai i ka pale kino e hakakā ai i nā antigens. Ma muli o kāna hana nui i loko o ke kino o ke kanaka a me ke ʻano nui o ka antigen, ua hoʻohana nui ʻia ʻo IgG i nā ʻike immunological a me nā ʻike ʻepekema. Hoʻohana ʻia ia e like me ke ʻano maʻamau ma nā wahi ʻelua.

ʻO ka mea maʻamau, ʻo IgG nā glycoproteins, nona kēlā me kēia mau mekameka polypeptide me ʻelua mau kope like ʻole o kēlā me kēia ʻano kaulahao polypeptide ʻelua. ʻO nā ʻano ʻelua o ke kaula polypeptide ka māmā (L) a me ka kaumaha, gamma (γ). Hoʻopili ʻia nā mea ʻelua e nā ʻāpana disulfide a me nā pūʻali like ʻole noncovalent.

ʻO ka ʻokoʻa ma waena o nā molekika immunoglobulin G e hele mai i ka ʻōlelo o kā lākou waikawa amino amino. Eia nō naʻe, i loko o kēlā me kēia molekapie IgG, ʻelua palupalu ʻole mau lua L, nā hihia me ka kaulahao H.

ʻO ka hana nui o ka molekika IgG ʻo ka hana ʻana i kahi haunaele ma waena o nā ʻōnaehana effector kino kanaka a me kahi antigen.

Ehia mau subclass i loaʻa iā Immunoglobulin G (IgG)?

ʻO ka immunoglobulin G (IgG) i ʻehā mau haʻalima i ʻokoʻa i ka ʻōlelo o ka hua palapala disulfide ʻokoʻa a me ka lōʻihi o ka hinge. Aia kēia mau subclasses i ka IgG 1, IgG 2, IgG 3 a me IgG 4.

  • IgG 1

IgG1 nā moʻo he 60 a 65% o ka IgG nui holoʻokoʻa. I nā huaʻōlelo aʻe, ʻo ia ka isotope maʻamau i loko o ka serum o ke kanaka. ʻO ka mea nui, ua momona kēia papa immunoglobulin i nā antibodies e kōkua ai i ka pale aku i ka protein hōʻino a me nā antigens polypeptide. ʻO kahi hoʻohālike o nā protein e pili ana ka IgG 1 i nā diphtheria, tetanus bacteria toxins a me nā ʻōmole viral.

Loaʻa nā pēpē i kahi pae kiʻekiʻe o ka pane ʻana o ka pale o IgG1. Aia i ka wā o ka wā kamaliʻi e loaʻa ka pane i kona neʻe ʻana. A i ʻole, hiki ʻole ke hoʻokō i ka neʻe ʻana ma kēlā hana, he hōʻailona ia e hiki ai i ke keiki ke ʻeha mai ka hypogammaglobulinemia, kahi maʻi kūlohelohe e kū mai ana ma muli o ka pae haʻahaʻa o nā ʻano gamma globulin a pau.

  • IgG 2

imunoglobulin g subclass 2 hele mai lua ma ka ʻōlelo ʻo ka isotopes maʻamau maʻamau i ka serum o ke kanaka. Kūpono ia paha ma kahi o 20 a 25% o Immunoglobulin G. ʻO ka hana o ka immunoglobulin g subclass 2 ʻo ke kōkua ʻana i ke ʻano o ke kū'ē ʻana e pale aku i nā antigens polysaccharide e like me Streptococcus wahi maʻi pneumoniae or ʻO Haemophilus influenzae.

Hiki i ke keiki ke hoʻokō i ka paʻa o ka immunoglobulin g subclass 2 maʻamau i ka manawa i huli ai ʻeono a ʻehiku mau makahiki. Hōʻike ʻia ka hemahema o IgG2 e ka maʻi maʻamau o ka maʻi a me ka mea maʻamau i waena o nā pēpē.

  • IgG 3

Pēlā nō, ia IgG 1, nui loa ka isotopes G Immunoglobulin e pili ana i ka subclass IgG3 me ka nui o nā antibodies. Ke kōkua nei kēia mau antibodies i ka pane ʻana mai e pale ai i ka protein kino a me nā antigens polypeptide i loko o ke kino o ke kanaka.

ʻO 5% i 10% o ka huina o IgG i ke kino kanaka ua ʻano ʻano ʻoGG3. Eia nō naʻe, ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o lākou e like me ka IgG1, i kekahi manawa ʻo IgG3 ka pilina kiʻekiʻe.

(4) IgG 4

ʻO ka pākēnē o IgG 4 o ka huina IgG i ka maʻamau ma lalo o 4%. Pono e hoʻomaopopo ʻia he loaʻa kēia subclass o Immunoglobulin G i nā haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa loa i waena o nā keiki ma lalo aʻe o 10. No laila, ʻo ka maʻi maʻi o ka immunoglobulin g subclass 4 hiki wale nō i nā keiki nona nā makahiki he ʻumi a me nā pākeke. . ^ E Ha yM.

Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole i hiki i nā kānaka ʻepekema ke hoʻomaopopo i ka hana pololei o ka immunoglobulin g subclass 4. I ka manawa mua, ua hoʻopili nā ʻepekema a IgG4 i ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā mea pili i ka meaʻai.

Eia naʻe, kahi haʻawina i hana hou nei e hōʻike ana i nā mea maʻi me ka pancreatitis sclerosing, perstonia interstitial a cholangitis paha i loaʻa nā kiʻekiʻe o ka serum IgG4. No laila, ua haʻalele hūnā noiʻi noiʻi e pili ana i ka hana maoli o imunoglobulin g subclass 4.

Ke hōʻike pū nei nā immunoglobulins i ka subclass like i kahi like me ka 90% like i ka homology, ʻaʻole i noʻonoʻo i ko lākou mau wahi ma waena. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē, nā mea no ka ʻokoʻa a nā subclass e hōʻike wale i ka mea like 60% like. Akā i ka laulā, ka loli o nā pae o nā haʻuki āpau o ʻehā e like me ka makahiki.

Hoʻopuka i nā immunoglobulin G (Igg) a me nā pono

Hoʻokomo nui nā antibodies IgG i ka pane kūʻokoʻa o ka pale ʻana ma muli o ka mālama ʻana o ka antibody IgM i ka pane mua. Mea maʻamau, mālama ka immunoglobulin g antibody i nā maʻi a me nā toxins e pale aku i kou kino ma o ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā pathogens e like me nā virus, nā huakini a me nā fungi.

ʻOiai ko ka ʻioʻepekī liʻiliʻi loa, ʻo ia ka mea nui i ka loko o ka mamalia, me ka maʻi o ke kanaka. ka mea, he 80% o ka nui o nā antibodies i loaʻa i ke kino o ke kanaka.

Ma muli o kona maʻalahi maʻalahi, hiki i ka IgG ke komo i kahi pliha kanaka. ʻO ka meaʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻohe mea ʻē aʻe o ka papa Ig e hiki ke hana i kēia, e hoʻomaikaʻi i kā lākou hana paʻakikī. E like me ia, he hana koʻikoʻi koʻikoʻi i ka mālama ʻana i kahi pēpē i ka wā o nā mahina mua o ka ʻīhaʻi. ʻO kēia kekahi o nā pono nui o ka immunoglobulin g.

He aha nā kuleana e Immunoglobulin G (Igg) i loko o ke kino kanaka?

Hoʻāla ʻia nā molekio IgG me nā ʻĀkela Fcγ e hele ana ma macrophage, neutrophil a me nā selowaola pepehi kanaka kūlohelohe, hana ʻole ka mana ʻole. Ma waho aʻe, hiki i nā molekue ke hoʻoikaika i ka ʻōnaehana hoʻohui.

ʻO ka mea hoʻohui me ka ʻāpana o ka pahuhopu a me kāna hana nui ʻana, ʻo ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ka antibody a me ka mana o ka phagocytic cell e hoʻonā i nā microbes a me nā ʻeha i hōʻeha ʻia i ke kino kanaka. Māhuahua hou ka pūnaehana i ka hiki i nā antibodies a me nā ʻāpana e hoʻopau i ka membrane pūnaewele o nā pathogens a hoʻonāukiuki iā lākou. ʻO kēia kekahi o nā pōmaikaʻi immunoglobulin g.

Hoʻokomo ʻia kou kino i ka antibody immunoglobulin g i kahi pane lohi i ka pale ʻana i kahi maʻi. Hiki i ke kino ke mālama i kēia antibody no ka manawa lōʻihi e kōkua aku ai i ka hakakā ʻana wale nō i nā pathogens e pili ana i ka maʻi maʻi, akā e hoʻomaʻemaʻe hoʻi i ka wehe ʻana o nā mea i luku ʻia mai kāu pānaehana.

Ma muli o ke ahonui kiʻekiʻe, ʻo IgG ka nui o nā antibodies e pono ai no ka maʻi pehu. E like me kēlā, ʻo ka IgG he hōʻailona nui kāu i loaʻa iā ʻoe kahi maʻi a he kanulau hou paha i hala.

Hoʻohana a IgG Powder

ʻO ka pauma IgG he kumulaʻai i hakahaka kai e lawelawe nei me ke kumu momona a immunoglobulin G (IgG). Hāʻawi i kahi hoʻokūkū kiʻekiʻe loa o IgG e kōkua i kou kino i ka pane ʻana i ka pale palekana, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā pilikia e pili ana i ka allergen.

ʻO kekahi o nā mea nui o IgG Powder ka bovine colostrum e hoʻolako i kahi piha o nā immunoglobulins maoli e kū mai ana. ʻO kēia mau immunoglobulins i kūpono i nā ʻano antiodies kino kanaka, e komo pū me Immunoglobulin G (IgG). No laila, ʻo ka immunoglobulin g colostrum he ala maikaʻi ia e hoʻoikaika ai i ka pale kino kino o ke kanaka e pale i nā maʻi.

Me ka immunoglobulin g colostrum e like me kāna mea nui, hiki i ka IgG Powder ke hāʻawi i ka nui o ka 2,000 mg o IgG no ka lawelawe ʻana. E hoʻolako pū ka paukū i kou kino me ka protein (4 g no ka lawelawe)

ʻO ka kikoʻī, ua hoʻohālikelike ʻia ka immunoglobulin g colostrum i ka pauka a hōʻike ʻia i ke kōkua i nā poʻe i ka mālama ʻana i kahi ʻōnaehana pale palupalu ikaika. Loaʻa ia i kēia ma o ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i kahi nui o nā microbes a me nā toxins e waiho ana i ka lumen gut.

No laila, ʻo ka pono o ka immunoglobulin g:

  • Ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe pale
  • ʻOi aku ka pākuhi palupalu-pale (GI)
  • ʻO ka mālama mālama kaulike maʻamau
  • Kākoʻo kākoʻo olakino
  • Hoʻonui ka ʻōlohelohe Mucosal, hoʻomaikaʻi i ka lako non-allergenic concentrated Immunoglobulin
  • ʻO ka mālama mālama kaulike Microbial

Hoʻohana ʻia

ʻAʻole pololei kahi paule IgG pauka e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ana i ka ʻepekema. Eia nō naʻe, ua ʻōlelo ka poʻe loea olakino e maikaʻi nā mea a i ʻole paha he nui o ka pauma i ka lā. Hoʻohui i ka pauka IgG i 4 mau waiake wai / mea inu punahele a i ʻole e like me ka ʻōlelo a kou kauka.

He aha nā kuleana e Immunoglobulin G (Igg) i loko o ke kino kanaka?

Kekaha ka immunoglobulin G (Igg)

An ʻO ka nele o Immunoglobulin G (IgG) e pili ana i ke kūlana olakino e hōʻike ʻia e ka lawa o ka immunoglobulin G production e ke kino. I ka loaʻa ʻana o kahi kanaka iā IgG, aia ia i ka nui o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā maʻi mai ka nāwaliwali o kā lākou pale ʻana.

ʻO ka mea kaumaha, hiki i ka immunoglobulin g hiki ke hoʻopilikia iā ʻoe i kēlā me kēia manawa i loko o kou ola, ʻaʻohe makahiki e haʻalele ʻia mai kēia ʻano.

ʻAʻohe mea i hoʻoholo i ke kumu o ka nele o ka immunoglobulin g. Eia naʻe, manaʻo nui ʻia he mea ia e pili ana i nā genetics. Eia kekahi, manaʻoʻiʻo nā kauka lapaʻau aia kekahi mau lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā kūlana olakino e hiki ai i ka hemahema o IgG.

ʻO ka hoʻomakaʻana o ka hema ʻana o ka immunoglobulin g ma ka lawe ʻana i kahi hōʻike koko e nānā i nā pae o ka immunoglobulin. A laila, ʻike ʻia kekahi mau hōʻike paʻakikī e pili ana i ka pae ʻana o ka antibody e loiloi i ka pane ʻana o ke kino i kekahi mau ʻōmaʻomaʻi e hōʻike ʻia ana ma kahi mea i manaʻo ʻia ua loaʻa ke ʻano.

Nā Hoʻomaʻemaʻi ʻO Immunoglobulin G

ʻO ke kanaka e loaʻa ana i ka immunoglobulin g nele, e hōʻike paha i kēia mau hōʻailona:

  • ʻO nā maʻi huhū e like me nā maʻi sinus
  • ʻO nā ʻōnaehana hanana Digestive
  • Nā maʻi maʻi mua
  • Nā maʻi ʻeha e hōʻeha ai i kahi ʻehaʻeha
  • Ponaumonia
  • Bronchitis
  • hōʻeha a hōʻeha paha i nā maʻi (ma nā hihia loaʻa ʻole naʻe)

I kekahi mau hihia, hiki ke hoʻopili ʻia nā maʻi o luna e hana i nā hana maʻamau o ke ala air a me ka pūpū. ʻO ka hopena, ʻike ka poʻe hōʻeha i nā pilikia hanu.

ʻO kahi mea e ʻike ai e pili ana i kēia mau maʻi i hoʻoiho ʻia e ka hemahema o IgG ka mea hiki iā lākou ke hōʻeha a hiki i ka poʻe i pale ʻia i ka maʻi pomaonia a me ka maʻi ʻili.

Pehea e mālama ai i kahi hemahema IgG?

ʻO ka hoʻokele o ka hemahema IgG he mau ala like ʻole, kēlā me kēia mea i ka leʻalā o nā hōʻailona a me nā maʻi. Inā palupalu nā hōʻailona, ​​ʻike e pale iā ʻoe mai ka hana ʻana me kāu mau hana / hana maʻamau, lawa paha ka hanana koke.

Eia nō naʻe, inā he koʻikoʻi nā maʻi, a ʻo ka hoʻomau mau ʻana ka hopena maikaʻi loa. Hiki i kahi lāʻau lapaʻau lōʻihi lōʻihi ke komo i ka pale o nā lā antibiotic i kēlā me kēia lā e hakakā i nā maʻi.

I nā hihia koʻikoʻi, hiki i ka lāʻau immunoglobulin ke hele a lohi.

Kōkua ka lāʻau lapaʻau i ka hoʻoikaika ʻana i ka ʻōnaehana pale, no laila e kōkua aku i ke kino e hakakā i nā maʻi ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi. Hoʻokomo ia i ka inikini ʻana i ka hui pū ʻana o nā antibodies (immunoglobulins) a i ʻole he hopena i lalo o ka ʻili o ka mea maʻi, i loko o ka ʻili a i loko o kāna mau nalo.

Hiki i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka pauma IgG ke ʻike ʻike i kekahi mea e hoʻōla mai ka IgG nele.

He aha nā kuleana e Immunoglobulin G (Igg) i loko o ke kino kanaka?

Hoʻopuka Lomo Immunoglobulin G

Ma hope o ka hoʻoulu ʻana i ka immunoglobulin, ua loli kou kino e hōʻike i ka maʻi immunoglobulin g.

ʻO ka hopena maʻamau loa immunoglobulin g ʻaoʻao:

  • ʻO ka naʻau palekana
  • Earache
  • kuni
  • ʻOlelo
  • Kōkua
  • Hoʻoponopono
  • Heʻeha
  • ʻO nā hui pūʻia
  • Nāwaliwali kino
  • ʻEha i ka wahi i hoʻopaʻa ʻia
  • Pāhuhu ʻeha
  • ʻO ka wai
  • ʻO ka hopena pili kino immunoglobulin g:
  • Ka pilikia paʻakikī
  • Pākī
  • Malaise
  • Pākaha

Ke kiʻekiʻe loa ka immunoglobulin igG

ʻAno kiʻekiʻe 'OGG Hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā pae i loko o systemic lupus erythematosus, atrophic portal vein, cirrhosis, hepatitis active chronic, rheumatoid arthritis, subacute bacterial endocarditis, multiple myeloma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, hepatitis, cirrhosis, a me mononucleosis.

Hiki ke ʻike i ke ala o ka immunoglobulin i IgG-, kekahi mau maʻi viral (e like me HIV a me ka cytomegalovirus), nā mea huʻi o ka plasma, nā maʻi maGG monoclonal gamma globulin a me ka maʻi maʻi.

A emi loa ka immunoglobulin igG

immunoglobulin g haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa kau i ka mea i kahi kiʻekiʻe o ka ulu ʻana o nā maʻi pinepine. Hiki i nā immunoglobulin g haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa ke ʻike i ka nele o ka antibody, immunodeficiency syndrome, non-IgG multiple myeloma, maʻi kaulahao nui, maʻi kaulahao māmā a nephrotic syndrome.

ʻO nā papa haʻahaʻa loa o ka antibody hiki ke ʻike i kekahi mau maʻi o ka maʻi leukemia, nā hōʻeha hōʻeha ʻeha, ʻomaʻomaʻi, eczema, maʻi ʻokiʻoki, sepsis, pōʻino, pemphigus, muscular tonic a me nā maʻi pōpilikia.

Ke kūleʻa ka immunoglobulin IgG

inā ka maikaʻi ka immunoglobulin IgG no kahi maʻi antigen e like me Covid-19 a i ʻole dengue, kahi hōʻailona ia e pili ana i ka mea ma lalo o ka hōʻike i loaʻa i ka maʻi pili i nā minuke i hala. Eia kekahi, ʻo ka hopena imunoglobulin g ke hōʻike nei i ka mea i loaʻa i ke kanaka i ke kano iā lākou i pale aku ai e pale iā lākou mai ka maʻi.

No laila, ʻo ka hopena imunoglobulin g he hōʻailona ia o ka hoʻonui nui ʻana o ka hōʻeha o ke kanaka i kahi maʻi e pili ana i ka antigen e kōkua i ka hōʻike maikaʻi. Hana kēia inā ʻaʻole ia he hopena maikaʻi ke hopena o kahi huakaʻi.

No ke aha mai Is ʻO ka immunoglobulin G (Igg) Ka mea nui loa i nā hana ola?

He mea koʻikoʻi ka Immunoglobulin G (IgG) i nā hana ola no ka mea he hana koʻikoʻi ka mālama pono ʻana i ka poʻe a me ka hiki ke hele i kā lākou hana ola e like me nā Immunoglobulins ʻē aʻe.

ʻO ka mea, ʻike ʻia nā antibodies IgG i nā kaila o ka kino, e ʻōlelo ai i ka waimaka, ka paʻele, ke koko, ke kaʻe a me nā mea like. Ke noʻonoʻo nei i kēia, ʻaʻole he mea kupanaha ia mau mea maʻamau ka maʻamau, ka helu ʻana no 75% a 80% o ka heluna nui o nā antibodies i ke kino o ke kanaka.

Mālama nā antibodies i nā hapa o nā kino / nā kino i hoʻopili ʻia me kēia mau lolo mai nā maʻi maʻi a me nā maʻi virus. No laila, ʻaʻole a i ʻole nā ​​pae like o IgG, ʻaʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke hele i ka hele ʻana i ke ʻano o kāu mau hana i kēlā me kēia lā no ka hana hou ʻana i nā maʻi.

Eia kekahi, He mea koʻikoʻi ke IgG no ka hana hou o ke kanaka. ʻO ka mea ʻuʻuku o nā antibodies a loaʻa ke ʻano maʻalahi, ʻo ia wale nō ke kūpaʻa e hiki ke komo i ka plenta i loko o kahi wahine hāpai. No laila, ʻo ia wale nō ka antibody e hiki ai ke pale aku i ke keiki hānau ʻole mai nā maʻi a me nā maʻi maʻi bacterial. Ke ʻole ʻole, nui nā keiki i hānau ʻole i ka hānai i nā kūlana olakino, ʻo kekahi o ia mea e hoʻoweliweli a e ola paha.

Is Aia kahi kikowaena ma waena o ka Immunoglobulin G A ʻo Lactoferrin?

ʻO nā immunoglobulin G a me lactoferrin ʻelua mau mea kūlohelohe o ka waiū bovine (mai nā kānaka a me nā bipi). E like me immunoglobulin G, hōʻike nā haʻawina e pili pū ana ka lactoferrin i nā hana pale i ke kino o ke kanaka.

Mālama i ke kino e hakakā i nā microorganisms pathogenic e like me ka bacterial, viral, a me nā maʻi fungal hoʻi. I nā huaʻōlelo ʻē aʻe, hoʻoulu ia i ka hana o ke kino o ke kino o ke kanaka. No laila, hiki i nā mea hoʻohui lactoferrin ke hoʻohui i ka immunoglobulin G paule i kēia hana.

Eia nō naʻe, he lactoferrin hou he hana hou; ka hao hao a halihali.

He aha nā kuleana e Immunoglobulin G (Igg) i loko o ke kino kanaka?

More ʻIke e pili ana i ka immunoglobulins

i ka wa e ho'āʻo ai i nā immunoglobulins?

I kekahi manawa, hiki i kāu kauka ke ʻōlelo aku i ke ʻano o kāu hōʻike ʻana me ka immunoglobulin, ka mea, he keu ia e haʻahaʻa nei ʻoe i nā helu immunoglobulin kiʻekiʻe paha. Ke hoʻokūkū nei ka hōʻike ʻana i ke kau ʻana i ka pae (ka nui) o ka immunoglobulin i loko o kou kino.

ʻO ka hapanui, a hōʻike iā immunoglobulin ua kauia ina aku ia oe:

  • ʻO nā maʻi hou, ʻo ia hoʻi ka maʻi, ka māmā, ka ʻōpū, a i ʻole nā ​​maʻi ʻeha
  • Maʻi hoʻomanawanui / maʻi maʻamau
  • ʻO ka lilo nui o kaʻili
  • Nā mea hoʻonani Mysterious
  • ʻili kino ʻili
  • nā hopena kūlohelohe koʻikoʻi
  • ʻO HIV / AIDs
  • Ka myeloma maha
  • ʻO ka mōʻaukala immunodeficiency ʻohana

Hiki paha i kāu kauka ke akamai i ka ʻōlelo ʻana i kahi hōʻike immunoglobulin no ʻoe inā ua maʻi ʻoe ma hope o ka huakaʻi.

hana

Hoʻohana ʻia kahi hōʻike koko immunoglobulins e kōkua i ke kūloko ʻana i nā kūlana olakino like ʻole:

  • Nā maʻi piʻona a me nā piʻi
  • Immunodeficiency: He kūlana kēia i hōʻike ʻia e kahi hōʻemi o ke kino o ke kanaka e hakakā i nā maʻi a me nā maʻi
  • pono nā maʻi e like me ka rheumatoid arthritis a me ka lupus
  • nā maʻi maʻi e like me ka myeloma lehulehu
  • Nā pēpē pēpē o ka pēpē

Pehea ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana o ka hōʻike?

He aha nā kuleana e Immunoglobulin G (Igg) i loko o ke kino kanaka?

Hoʻopā pinepine kēia ʻano hōʻike i ke ana ʻana i ʻekolu mauʻano o ka immunoglobulin; IgA, IgG, a me IgM. Hoʻopili ʻia nā ʻekolu ʻekolu e hāʻawi i kāu kauka i kiʻi o ka hopena o kāu pane ʻana.

ʻO kou tauira koko ka lāʻau e hōʻike i kēia hoʻokolohua. No laila, komo ka ʻenehana loea i kahi ʻāpana i loko o kahi ʻāpana o kou lima e hōʻea i kekahi o nā veins i lalo. A laila, ua ʻae ka loea i ke koko e hōʻiliʻili i loko o ka pahu i ʻole vial i hoʻopili ʻia ma ka pūpū.

Eia kekahi, hiki i ke kauka ke koho i kahi hiʻohiʻona o kāu cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ma kahi o ke koko no ka hōʻike. No ka weheweheʻana, ʻo ka cerebrospinal fluid ka wai e hoʻopuni ana i ka iwi spinal a me nā lolo. E hoʻohana kāu mea ʻenehana i kahi kaʻina i kapa ʻia lumbar puncture e lawe i ka wai mai kouʻaoʻao.

Hiki i ke kiʻi ʻana o ka wai hoʻāʻo ke hōʻeha. Eia nō naʻe, nā loea i komo i loko o ia mau kaʻina kūloko e hana i ka naʻau e pili ana i ka ʻeha. No laila, ʻo ka mea mua e hana ai i kāu mea loea e hana i ka hōʻoki ʻana i ka lāʻau lapaʻau hōʻoki i loko o kou kua e hōʻeha ai i ka ʻeha.

A laila, e noi ka mea loea iā ʻoe e moe ma kou ʻaoʻao ma ka papaʻaina a laila e huki ʻoe i kou mau kuli i kāu hōʻike. ʻO kahi koho, hiki ke noi ʻia e noho ma ka papa ʻaina. I ka wa i ma o nā kūlana ʻelua, e kiʻi ka ʻenehana loea i kāu mau palena spine lua.

He aha ka mea e hoʻopili ai ka ʻenehana i kahi lāʻau huwa i ka waena o kāu kolu a me ka ʻehā lumbar vertebrae. A laila, he hōʻiliʻili liʻiliʻi o kāu kaila cerebrospinal i hōʻiliʻili ʻia i loko o ka pūniki kuapo. Ma hope o kekahi mau kekona, e unuhi ka ʻenehana me ka pūlea me ka wai i hōʻiliʻili ʻia i loko.

ʻO ka mea hope loa, e kau ʻia ka mea hoʻonaninua i kahi kime hōʻike nānā immunoglobulin no ka hoʻāʻo.

Nā'ōlelo hope

ʻO ka immunoglobulin G (IgG) ma waena o nā immunoglobulins koʻikoʻi i loko o ke kino kanaka. ʻO kekahi ʻē aʻe ʻo IgA, IgD, IgE, a me IgM. Eia nō naʻe, ma waho o nā ʻano immunoglobulins ʻehā, ʻo IgG ka liʻiliʻi loa akā maʻamau ka mea maʻamau a nui ka mea i loko o ke kino. Aia i loko o kekahi kahe wai e kākoʻo i ke ʻōnaehana pale i kona hakakā ʻana me nā pathogens (bacteria a me nā virus).

ʻO kahi haʻahaʻa a haʻahaʻa loa paha ka immunoglobulin G i maikaʻi no kou olakino. Ma kahi o kahi hemahema o immunoglobulin, an Kūʻai ka pauka IgG a hiki ke hoʻohana i kahi pae i kou ola.

E hoʻomaopopo '

  • Saadoun, S., Waters, P., Bell, BA, Vincent, A., Verkman, AS, & Papadopoulos, MC (2010). Inra-cerebral injection o ka neuromyelitis optica immunoglobulin G a me ka hoʻopiha ʻana i ke kanaka e hana ai i nā paleka neuromyelitis optica ma nā kiʻī. Brain, 133(2), 349-361.
  • Marignier, R., Nicolle, A., Watrin, C., Touret, M., Cavagna, S., Varrin-Doyer, M., ... & Giraudon, P. (2010). ʻO nā Oligodendrocytes i hōʻino ʻia e ka neuromyelitis optica immunoglobulin G ma o ka hōʻeha astrocyte. Brain, 133(9), 2578-2591.
  • Berger, M., Murphy, E., Riley, P., & Bergman, GE (2010). Hoʻonui ka maikaʻi o ke ola, ka nui o ka immunoglobulin G, a me nā helu maʻi i nā mea maʻi me nā maʻi maʻi immunodeficiency mua i ka wā e mālama pono ʻia me ka immunoglobulin subcutaneous. Palapala kūkala Hema, 103(9), 856-863.
  • Radosevich, M., & Burnouf, T. (2010). Intravenous immunoglobulin G: nā hiʻohiʻona i nā hana kūkulu, ʻike kākuhi a me ka hōʻoia o ka maikaʻi. Vox sanguinis, 98(1), 12-28.
  • Fehlings, MG, & Nguyen, DH (2010). ʻO Immunoglobulin G: kahi hopena lapaʻau e hiki ke hoʻopili i ka neuroinflamulea ma hope o ka hōʻeha o ka spinal cord. Journal of immunology lapaʻau, 30(1), 109-112.
  • Bereli, N., Şener, G., Altıntaş, EB, Yavuz, H., & Denizli, A. (2010). Poly (glycidyl methacrylate) manikini i hoʻopili ʻia i nā cryogels no pseudo-spesy depletion o albumin a me ka immunoglobulin G. Nā ʻ Sciencelelo ʻ andlelo a me nā ʻenehana: C, 30(2), 323-329.